Demographic Vitality

The French language


Of the province's 3,256,355 inhabitants, a bit more than 645,000 do not have English as a mother tongue - a significant increase from 2001, when they numbered about 530,000.

Francophones account for 2.08 percent of the total population, and the province has over 580,000 Albertans with a mother tongue other than English or French.
 

Population by Mother Tongue, 2006, Alberta

Population by Mother Tongue, 2006, Alberta

Data: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census


French 68,435
English 2,610,280
Langues non officielle 613,055
Total population 3,256,355


Note: Some people declared having more than one mother tongue. As a result, the total of the categories exceeds provincial population.


Population by First Official Language Spoken, 2006, Alberta

Population by First Official Language Spoken, 2006, Alberta

Data: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census


French 66,995
English 3,158,595
Neither English nor French 39,185


Note: Some people have more than one first official language spoken. As a result, the total of the categories exceeds provincial population.

A recent increase in population...


The number of people with French as their mother tongue has grown from 56,730 in 1991 to 68,435 in 2006, while the population with French as their first official language spoken - which includes most people with French as their daily language of use but another mother tongue - grew by some 11,000 individuals during the same period. This strong increase is due of course to the spectacular growth of the province's economy in the past few years.

... and the percentages are stable


The percentage of Francophones in Alberta fell from 3.6 percent in 1951 to 2.3 percent in 1991, but since then it has stabilized and has remained virtually unchanged for the last 15 years. Francophones currently account for 2.08 percent of the population.

Historically concentrated in the north of the province, Franco-Albertans continue to represent a larger percentage of the population there than elsewhere.
 

French as Mother Tongue and French First Official Language Spoken, 1951-2006, Alberta

French as Mother Tongue and French First Official Language Spoken, 1951-2006, Alberta

Data: Marmen and Corbeil, 2004 and Statistics Canada

*The first official language spoken variable did not exist prior to 1991

A mostly adult population


The median age for Francophones is significantly higher than for the general population: 44 years, compared to 36.

The Francophone community in Alberta is not growing at the same rate as other population groups in the province. Nevertheless, a larger percentage of Francophones are of working age, and able to participate actively in the social and economic life of the province.
 

Age Distribution, 2006, Francophones, Alberta

Age Distribution, 2006, Francophones, Alberta

Data: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census