Demographic Vitality

The French language


Of the 1,133,515 inhabitants, a bit more than 280,000 do not have English as a mother tongue. There are 47,110 Manitobans with French as their mother tongue, but in total 44,110 have French as their first official language spoken, whether it is their mother tongue or not.
 

Population by Mother Tongue, 2006, Manitoba

Population by Mother Tongue, 2006, Manitoba

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census


French 47,110
English 852,805
Non-official languages 248,510
Total population 1 133,515


Note: Some people declared having more than one mother tongue.
As a result, the total of the categories exceeds provincial population


Population by First Official Language Spoken, 2006, Manitoba

Population by First Official Language Spoken, 2006, Manitoba

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census


French 44,110
English 1,081,220
Neither French or English 10,165


Note: Some people have more than one first official language spoken.
As a result, the total of the categories exceeds provincial population.

A stable population…


The population with French as a mother tongue went from 47,560 in 2001 to 47,110 in 2006. This slight decrease indicates a relative stability following a period of strong growth in the fifties, then a decrease in the seventies. These changes largely reflect birthrate tendencies.

It should be noted that the same stability can be found in the number of Manitobans with French as their first official language spoken (44,110 in 2006 compared to 44,350 in 2001). This stability is due in part to the recent arrival of a good number of immigrants with French as their main language but not their mother tongue.

… but percentages that don't keep up with provincial growth


Since 1951, the percentage of Francophones in Manitoba has fallen from 7 to 4.2 percent. The percentage has been declining since 1951, although the decrease is less rapid than 20 years ago. Francophone Manitobans continue, nevertheless, to have high concentrations in some rural areas where French plays an important part in their daily lives. In Winnipeg, the French language retains its strength due to the large number of Francophones in Saint-Boniface as well as the community's efforts to recruit, receive and integrate French-speaking immigrants.
 

French as Mother Tongue and French as First Official Language Spoken, 1951-2006, Manitoba

French as Mother Tongue and French as First Official Language Spoken, 1951-2006, Manitoba

Data from: Marmen and Corbeil, 2004 and Statistics Canada

*The first official language spoken variable did not exist prior to 1991

A largely adult population

The Francophone population in Manitoba is largely adult. The median age of the community is 47, which is 9 years more than the Manitoban population as a whole.

The birthrate of Francophone Manitobans is lower than other linguistic groups in the province. A higher percentage, however, are old enough to work and take an active part in the social and economic development of the province.
 

Age Distribution, 2006, Francophones, Manitoba

Age Distribution, 2006, Francophones, Manitoba

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census