Demographic Vitality

The French Language


The population of Yukon is very homogeneous with respect to language. English is the first official language spoken by 95.5 percent of the 30,190 inhabitants of the territory, while French is the first official language spoken by 4.1 percent of the population. There are 3,425 inhabitants with a non-official language as their mother tongue, including 800 German speakers.
 

Population by Mother Tongue, 2006, Yukon

Population by Mother Tongue, 2006, Yukon

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census


French 1,225
English 25,790
Non-official languages 3,425
Total population 30,190


Note: Some people declared having more than one mother tongue.
As a result, the total of the categories exceeds territorial population.




Population by First Official Language Spoken, 2006, Yukon

Population by First Official Language Spoken, 2006, Yukon

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census


French 1,245
English 28,950
Neither English nor French 115


Note: Some people have more than one first official language spoken.
As a result, the total of the categories exceeds territorial population.

Strong growth of the Francophone population…


The number of Francophones in Yukon more than tripled between 1951 and 2006. Their numbers, which grew only slightly until 1981, grew quickly during the last 20 years to exceed 1,200 in 2006. Not only have many Francophones chosen to settle in the territory; many choose to stay because of the community services that are available.
 

… and an increase in percentages


Francophones in Yukon account for 4 percent of the total population, compared to 2.4 percent 25 years ago. Their percentage didn't remain constant in the last 60 years; their proportion greatly diminished between 1951 and 1971, and their growth had to exceed the overall population growth after 1981 for their percentage to once again exceed 3 percent.

Francophones are heavily concentrated in Whitehorse. They account for 4.9 percent of the population in Dawson and 5.9 percent in Faro. The percentage of Francophones in the hamlets of Ibex Valley and Mount Lorne as well as the areas surrounding Whitehorse varies from 5 to 10 percent.
 

French as Mother Tongue and French as First Official Language Spoken, 1951-2006, Yukon

French as Mother Tongue and French as First Official Language Spoken, 1951-2006, Yukon

Data from: Marmen and Corbeil, 2004 and Statistics Canada

*The first official language spoken variable did not exist prior to 1991

A mostly adult population


At 44, the median age of the Francophone population in Yukon is six years higher than that of the population as a whole. This gap is mainly caused by the relatively small number of youths in the Francophone population, but the development of French-language services for that age group may change this situation significantly.
 

Age Distribution, 2006, Francophones, Yukon

Age Distribution, 2006, Francophones, Yukon

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census