Economic Vitality

A well-educated Francophone population

Education is the key to the vitality of the Francophone community in Nunavut. A large percentage of Francophones
have a postsecondary education – 95 of them went to university and more than 100 went to college. The level of education of Francophones exceeds by far the territorial average, and the percentage of Francophones who have a college or university degree by far exceeds the national average for French Canadians.
 

Education, Francophones 15 and Older, 2006, Nunavut

Education, Francophones 15 and Older, 2006, Nunavut

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census

Francophone employment sectors

Francophones in Nunavut are active in several sectors of the territory's economy, but the services sector clearly stands out: one out of two Francophones works in public administration, education services, health care or social services. Transportation and storage places second with 11.6 percent of the population, while construction and the wholesale and retail trade sectors both employ 7.2 percent of the French-speaking labour force.


There are also 30 Francophones in Nunavut who own a business or are self employed, accounting for 8.7 percent of the Frenchspeaking labour force.
 

Labour Force by Sector of Activity, 2006, Francophones, Nunavut

 
Nomber
%
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
0
0.0%
Mining and oil and gas extraction
0
0.0%
Utilities
0
0.0%
Construction
25
7.2%
Manufacturing
0
0.0%
Wholesale Trade
10
2.9%
Retail Trade
15
4.3%
Transportation
40
11.6%
Information Industry
0
0.0%
Finance and Insurance
0
0.0%
Real Estate
10
2.9%
Professional Services
0
0.0%
Management of Companies
0
0.0%
Administrative Services
10
2.9%
Education Services
35
10.1%
Health Care
20
5.8%
Arts
0
0.0%
Accommodation
10
2.9%
Other services
20
5.8%
Public Administration
100
29.0%
All sectors
295
100.0%


Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census

Occupations

Job distribution by occupation gives a complementary picture of the economic life of Francophones in Nunavut.

The profile of employment distribution by occupation is quite varied. Occupations in the primary sector, trades and transportation, as well as education, administration, business and management all hold a sizeable percentage of the Frenchspeaking labour force.
 

Labour Force by Occupation, 2006, Francophones, Nunavut

 
Nomber
%
Management
50
14.7%
Finance, business and administration
50
14.7%
Natural and applied sciences
20
5.9%
Health
15
4.4%
Social sciences, education and government services
55
16.2%
Arts and culture
10
2.9%
Sales and services
65
19.1%
Trades, transportation and equipment operation
65
19.1%
Primary industry occupations
10
2.9%
Manufacturing industries occupations
0
0.0%
All occupations
340
100.0%


Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census

Income

Francophones in Nunavut have the highest average income of all Frenchspeaking communities in Canada: $58,317. Of course, this income is offset by the high cost of living in the region, but it is still much higher than the average for the population of Nunavut as a whole, which is $35,000.

 

Total Individual Income, Francophones, 2006, Nunavut

Total Individual Income, Francophones, 2006, Nunavut

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census

Economic development at a glance

Source: Association des francophones du Nunavut

Among other sectors, Nunavut's Francophone community puts a high priority on tourism – the Odyssée Nunavut co-operative, tourism services in Iqaluit and the Défi Qimualaniq Quest come to mind. There are also services offered to Francophone job seekers and businesses, and specific attention is given to promotion of entrepreneurship. The rapid growth of the mining sector should also be noted, for it brings many Francophone workers to Nunavut.