Francophone Diversity

A highly mobile Francophone population


Most of the Francophones living outside Quebec - close to 61 percent of them - live in the province where they were born. This proportion is especially high in New Brunswick, since 89% of the residents were born there. The Franco-Manitoban community also has a high native-born French-Canadian population (close to 78%), but is seeing a significant increase in its French-speaking immigrant population.

British Columbia has the highest percentage of French-speaking immigrants: 29.3% of the province's Francophones were born outside of Canada, while 56% of them came from another province. The Franco-Albertan community also receives a high number of interprovincial migrants (51.6% of the Francophone population) and immigrants (close to 16% of the Francophone population).

Finally, three-quarters of each of the territories' populations were born in another province.
 

Place of birth, 2006, Francophones, Provinces and Territories

Province/territory
Born in province
Born outside
province
Born outside
country
Non-permanent
Residents
Newfoundland and Labrador
35.8%
49.8%
12.5%
2.0%
Prince Edward Island
69.5%
27.3%
3.0%
0.2%
Nova Scotia
65.7%
29.0%
4.9%
0.4%
New Brunswick
89.1%
9.2%
1.6%
0.2%
Ontario
57.2%
25.4%
16.6%
0.8%
Manitoba
77.9%
15.6%
6.1%
0.4%
Saskatchewan
70.7%
22.8%
6.1%
0.5%
Alberta
31.3%
51.6%
16.0%
1.2%
British Columbia
12.5%
56.6%
29.3%
1.6%
Yukon
9.6%
74.4%
15.2%
0.8%
Northwest Territories
13.2%
75.1%
9.4%
2.4%
Nunavut
21.5%
72.0%
6.5%
0.0%
Total - Canada less Quebec
61.0%
25.3%
13.0%
0.7%


Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census

A Francophonie that is being enriched by everincreasing numbers of immigrants


Over the last 15 years, Canada has taken in more than 372,000 Frenchspeaking immigrants, close to 77,500 of whom settled in Canada's Francophone and Acadian communities. The large metropolitan areas are undeniably the favourites of newcomers: 36% of the 55,275 immigrants who settled in Ontario chose Toronto while 24% chose Ottawa. In the West, British Columbia saw 11,300 French-speaking newcomers between 1991 and 2006, 82% of whom settled in Vancouver. Alberta followed with 6,485 French-speaking immigrants over the same period, half of whom elected to settle in Calgary.à
 

Francophone Immigrants by Immigration Period, 1991-2006, Provinces and Territories
Province/territory
1991-
1996
1996-
2001
2001-
2006
Total
Newfoundland and Labrador
40
10
55
105
Prince Edward Island
10
20
15
45
Nova Scotia
170
285
345
800
New Brunswick
355
350
720
1,425
Ontario
15,380
17,745
22,150
55,275
Manitoba
220
360
730
1,310
Saskatchewan
105
205
215
525
Alberta
1,380
2,070
3,035
6,485
British Columbia
3,250
3,885
4,165
11,300
Yukon
20
55
45
120
Northwest Territories
0
20
30
50
Total - Canada less Quebec
20,930
25,005
31,505
77,440


Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census

Note: Nunavut did not receive any French-speaking immigrants during this period

Immigrants from the four corners of the world


Canada took in French-speaking immigrants from all five continents, and Europe accounted for the lion's share-8.9%. This percentage is particularly significant in Yukon and Newfoundland and Labrador, where 82% and 61%, respectively, of French-speaking newcomers are of European origin. They also represent 53% of the French-speaking immigrants to Prince Edward Island and slightly less than half of those living in Manitoba, Nova Scotia, British Columbia and Saskatchewan.

Asia and the Middle East and Africa are the points of origin for 26.6% and 21.1% of French-speaking immigrants, respectively. New Brunswick drew 53% of its Francophone immigration from the United States, very likely from the neighbouring State of Maine, while the West Indies and Bermuda (especially Haiti) alone contributed 11% of Francophone immigration to Quebec. Saskatchewan, Alberta and Manitoba took in large numbers of immigrants of African origin, representing 25.3%, 26.9% and 27.8%, respectively of the French-speaking newcomers to these three provinces.

Finally, it is not surprising to note that 31.5% of Frenchspeaking immigrants to British Columbia come from Asia (in particular East Asia and Southeast Asia), whereas West Asia and the Middle East are home to close to 13% of French-speaking immigrants to Ontario.
 

Place of origin of Francophone Immigrants, 2006, Provinces and Territories

Province/territory
Americas
Europe
Africa
Asia and
Middle East
Oceania and
others
Newfoundland and Labrador
12.0%
60.0%
20.0%
8.0%
0.0%
Prince Edward Island
21.9%
53.1%
12.5%
12.5%
0.0%
Nova Scotia
11.2%
47.0%
14.3%
23.4%
4.1%
New Brunswick
53.2%
21.2%
14.0%
8.5%
3.2%
Ontario
12.3%
37.1%
22.8%
27.6%
0.2%
Manitoba
12.2%
48.3%
27.8%
11.4%
0.4%
Saskatchewan
14.0%
46.8%
25.3%
14.0%
0.0%
Alberta
12.5%
39.3%
26.9%
20.9%
0.4%
British Columbia
9.3%
47.2%
11.5%
31.5%
0.6%
Yukon
11.8%
82.4%
0.0%
5.9%
0.0%
Northwest Territories
9.5%
28.6%
19.0%
42.9%
0.0%
Nunavut
25.0%
25.0%
0.0%
50.0%
0.0%

Total - Canada less Quebec

12.9%
38.9%
21.2%
26.6%
0.4%


Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census

Note: These are people who have been granted immigrant status in Canada, whose first known official language is French.



Over the past several years, numerous initiatives have been undertaken to encourage Francophone immigration to Canada's Francophone and Acadian communities. In September 2006, the federal government officially launched the Strategic Plan to Foster Immigration to Francophone Minority Communities. The plan provides for an increase in the number of Francophone immigrants, to reach a target of 8,000 to 10,000 per year by 2020. It also identifies a number of high-priority actions to foster the integration, retention and settlement of French-speaking immigrants in Francophone communities.

In the last two years, a number of local networks have been established, primarily in Manitoba, Alberta, Ontario and Nova Scotia but these networks are still in their early stages of development and will be more fully developed in the next several years. Foreign recruitment and promotion are also high on the priorities list. To this end, a promotional and recruitment tour entitled Destination Canada has been organized each year in November, primarily in Europe, and sometimes in North Africa.