In 2006, the Francophone community in Newfoundland and Labrador included 2,225 people with French as their mother tongue. These Francophones account for close to 0.5 percent of the total population of the province. There are also over 23,700 people with knowledge of French in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Francophones in Newfoundland and Labrador are concentrated in three principal centres: the Port au Port Peninsula, St. John's and its surrounding areas, and Labrador. There are 515 Francophones on the Port au Port Peninsula, 655 in the St. John's region and 365 in Labrador.

Francophones have long been settled in the area of St. George's Bay in the southwest of the island. They are found mainly in the Port au Port Peninsula, at Cape St. George, La Grand'Terre and L'Anse-à-Canards, where they account for close to 12 percent of the population. Their life is organized significantly around commercial fishing, subsistence farming, and work in forest-based industries during the off season. Off the peninsula, there are Francophone populations in Stephenville, the regional service centre, as well as in Corner Brook a little to the north.

There are 655 Francophones on the Avalon Peninsula, which includes the census division of metropolitan St. John's. This group of Francophones is quite diverse; many of them come from outside the province, including the other Atlantic provinces, French Canada and St. Pierre. These relative newcomers are attracted by a wider range of services and a higher standard of living.

Finally, there are French-speaking communities in Labrador, in the mining towns of Labrador City-Wabush and the military base at Happy Valley-Goose Bay. These communities have developed close links with Quebec.