Linguistic Vitality

Stability of French spoken at home...


In 2006, 2,830 people claimed to speak French most often at home. This number has been fluctuating around 3,000 for some 15 years.

This number masks the fact that a good number of Acadians and Francophones who speak English most often at home can still speak French and use it often in other contexts outside their homes.

Also, a total of 2,405 people said that they use French at home on a regular basis compared with 2,240 in 2001. This number includes over 1,200 people whose mother tongue is English; the majority probably living with an Acadian spouse.
 

French Spoken at Home, 1971-2006, Prince Edward Island

French Spoken at Home, 1971-2006, Prince Edward Island

Data from: Marmen and Corbeil, 2004 and Statistics Canada

* Statistics Canada started collecting data on other languages spoken regularly at home in 2001

...knowledge of French is increasingly widespread...


In Prince Edward Island, the number of people who know French (only or English also) has sharply increased since the 1950s. Today, a total of 17,160 people are able to speak French in the province, which is close to 13% of the population, a proof of the attraction to the French language and Acadian culture in the province.

After English and French comes Dutch (915 speakers), German (645 speakers) and Spanish (635 speakers).
 

Knowledge of French, 1951-2006, Prince Edward Island

Knowledge of French, 1951-2006, Prince Edward Island

Data from: Marmen and Corbeil, 2004 and Statistics Canada

...and close to half of those who know French work in French


In total, 4,545 Islanders work most often or at least regularly in French. Even though they account for only 6.1 percent of the overall active population in the province, it should be noted that 47 percent of workers who know French actually use it at work.
 

Use of French at Work, Active Population with Knowledge of French, 2006, Prince Edward Island

Use of French at Work, Active Population with Knowledge of French, 2006, Prince Edward Island

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census