Linguistic Vitality

Decrease of French spoken at home...


In 2006, 835 people said they spoke French most often at home, compared to 1,085 in 2001. However, 2,250 people say they speak French regularly at home even though it is not the language used most often.

In a context where French is in increasingly close contact with English everywhere in the province, including the Port au Port area, the less frequent use of French as the main language of the home is not surprising.
 

French Spoken at Home, 1971-2006, Newfoundland and Labrador

French Spoken at Home, 1971-2006, Newfoundland and Labrador

Data from: Marmen and Corbeil, 2004 and Statistics Canada

* Statistics Canada started collecting data on other languages spoken regularly at home in 2001

... and more and more people know French


In Newfoundland and Labrador, the number of people who know French (alone or with English) has quintupled since the 1950s. Today, more than 23,765 people, representing 4.75 percent of the population, can speak French. In third place after English and French is Spanish with 1,725 speakers. Montagnais-Naskapi counts 1,670 speakers, concentrated in Labrador.
 

Knowledge of French, 1951-2006, Newfoundland and Labrador

Knowledge of French, 1951-2006, Newfoundland and Labrador

Data from: Marmen and Corbeil, 2004 and Statistics Canada

French at work


French is used most often at work by 1,130 people, and 2,860 more use it regularly. Even though this number does not seem very high - it is only 1.7 percent of the active population - it still means that 31 percent of the active population with knowledge of French is able to work in that language.
 

Use of French at Work, Active Population with Knowledge of French, 2006, Newfoundland and Labrador

Use of French at Work, Active Population with Knowledge of French, 2006, Newfoundland and Labrador

Data from: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census