Sources

For the first and second editions of this document, published respectively in 2000 and 2004, the brief historical notes on the Francophone and Acadian communities of Canada are mostly taken from historical recollections on the Francophone experience in the provinces and territories compiled by the National Committee for Canadian Francophonie Human Resources Development. Philippe Falardeau's review, entitled Hier la francophonie and published by FCFA as part of its Dessein 2000 project, and Yves Frenette's La brève histoire des Canadiens français published by Éditions Boréal, were also sources of inspiration. Finally, several texts compiled by Joseph Yvon Thériault in Francophonies minoritaires au Canada – L'état des lieux, published by Éditions de l'Acadie, were also useful, as was the study by René Guindon and Pierre Poulin, entitled Les liens dans la francophonie canadienne.

For the third edition, the texts featured in the sections on history and geography were updated by FCFA and its members to take into account significant developments in the past few years and new data from the 2006 Census.

All of the statistics used in the preparation of this national profile are those of Statistics Canada. The following sources were used:



1. The national, provincial and territorial data on mother tongue, first official language spoken, language spoken at home, knowledge of French, use of French at work, median age, labour force by sector of activity and by occupation, as well as income, were provided to FCFA in preformatted tables by the statistical research team at the Official Languages Support Program (Department of Canadian Heritage).

2. All regional data on the first official language spoken and the age distribution of Francophones were compiled using the table First Official Language Spoken (7), Mother Tongue (10), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population, Cat. No. 97-555-X2006030 at Statistics Canada.

3. Data on the number of residents of Saskatchewan with English as a mother tongue speaking French regularly at home were compiled using the table Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (186), Other Language Spoken Regularly at Home (9), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population, Cat. No. 97-555-X2006045 at Statistics Canada.

4. Data on French-speaking immigrants by period of immigration, on the place of birth of Francophones and on the place of origin of French-speaking newcomers were compiled using the table Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (780), First Official Language Spoken (4), Age Groups (8A) and Sex (3) for Population, Cat. No. 97-555-X2006054 at Statistics Canada.

5. Data on the evolution of Saskatchewan's linguistic composition from 1951 to 2001 (mother tongue, language spoken at home, first official language spoken, etc.) were taken from New Canadian Perspectives: Languages in Canada, 2001 Census, by Louise Marmen and Jean-Pierre Corbeil.

It should be noted that when calculating data on mother tongue, language spoken at home or first official language spoken, whether one includes multiple answers (for example, Francophones who have also indicated English as their mother tongue) can account for a variation in numbers. Marmen and Corbeil apportion multiple answers among the declared languages. However, the data presented by FCFA for 2006 include everyone with French as mother tongue/first official language spoken/language spoken at home, even if other languages are mentioned.

Information on community life, on structures that exist to facilitate Francophone immigration and on economic vitality were compiled by FCFA with the help of the Assemblée communautaire fransaskoise (ACF) and its members.